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Food Contact Inks: How To Avoid Ink Migration

Posted by David Lee on Sep 28, 2020 5:12:34 PM

Food Contact Inks How To Avoid Ink Migration

The food industry is subject to a lot of safety regulations regarding food-contact packaging and labelling. This extends beyond food safe substrates to the inks used in the process. As a packaging or label printing business, you have to choose the best kind of ink that won't impact the quality of the food content, while simultaneously keeping costs under control. Here’s a brief look at food contact inks and one of the major issues involved.


Ink Migration

One of the biggest challenges of using UV and other kinds of ink for food packaging and labelling is making sure that the ink has cured well. Particles from uncured ink on packaging and labels can contaminate food and drink products – a process known as ink migration. This can occur in three ways:

  1. Migration can happen when moisture penetrates the printed substrate during storage, especially when labels or packaging is stored in rolls. It results in the ink migrating from the printed side to the non-printed side, risking food-contact with potentially toxic inks.
  2. Migration also occurs through the evaporation or condensation of moisture from food products within their packaging. This can cause ink particles to leach into the food from the outer packaging, which is why many food products are ‘double wrapped’ in an extra layer of plastic foil or wrapping.
  3. The third way through which migration occurs is when food-safe inks get contaminated through contact with conventional types of ink during the printing process – usually as a result of unwashed rollers.

Other factors, such as the type of food, the packaging design, the temperature of the contents when packaged, and the storage environment, can all affect the likelihood of ink migration and the level of contamination.

How to test for ink migration

The food industry uses gas and liquid chromatography with mass spectroscopy to assess the risk of ink migration for different types of ink. Inks with the lowest risk of migration – and those with inert or non-toxic ingredients, are considered ‘food safe’, or suitable for contact with food.

Food contact chemicals

To solve the issue of uncured elements contaminating foods, low migration inks were invented for food packaging and labels. These inks use food contact chemicals to seal the ink to the substrate and inhibit ink migration.

Staying compliant

In the UK and the EU, all inks used with food packaging and labelling have to follow EU Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), outlined in directive EC 2023/2006. Match your Inks to the application, discuss the application in detail with your Ink supplier or their specialist technical advisor. Do not just take what your distributer has in stock and avoid cross contamination with different Ink types you may have had on Press

In case of any later issue , Keep detailed production records including any Ink Batch numbers in order to trace back, and maintain your MSDS documents.

Machine Drying Systems

A critical part of production is the on Press drying system and often overlooked until it is too late. These must be kept in the best of order, Infra Red, UV or LED UV need constant checking to ensure they are in optimum working conditions. Ensure any Filters, Lenses, ventilation systems are clean and free of obstructions, check UV intensity is within required performance levels. We suggest checking on a weekly basis.

At Focus Label Machinery, our specialist presses are widely used by packaging and label printers serving the food and drink sector in the EU, UK and USA – and are compatible with all food-safe inks. As new legislation is introduced after Brexit, our technology will be updated to enable you and your customers to remain compliant in all jurisdictions in which the food products are sold. To find out more, please give us a call today.

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